Guidelines to Author
Quick Checklist for Submission
· Single column and single line spaced
· Font type: Times New Roman
· Font Size: 12
· File type: MS- Word (Docx)
· Clearly defined manuscript structure as standard:
· Author Details
· Materials and Methods
· Results and Discussion
· References (APA 6th Edition Style)
Research Article: Should not exceed 4000 words (the word count is inclusive of all parts of the main manuscript, including the title page, abstract, references, table and figure).
Review: Provide timely syntheses of topical themes. They should also offer new insights or perspectives to guide future research efforts. Reviews should not exceed 5000 words, inclusive of all parts of the main manuscript, as above. We particularly welcome reviews that set a clear agenda for future research within the focal area. The abstract, author contributions, data accessibility and references sections should be formatting according to Research Article specifications, below.
Submission should be divided into following sections
Title and Author’s Details
· A concise and informative title. Do not include the authorities for taxonomic names.
· A list of all authors' names with names and addresses of Institutions.
· The name, address and e-mail address of the correspondence author
The abstract should be approximately 250 words in length and must not exceed 300 words. The abstract should outline the purpose of the paper and the main results, conclusions and recommendations.
Authors should follow a formula in which point 1 sets the context and need for the work; point 2 indicates the approach and methods used; the next 2-3 points outline the main results; and the last point identifies the wider implications.
A list in alphabetical order not exceeding five words or short phrases.
This should state the reason for doing the work, the nature of the hypothesis or hypotheses under consideration, and should outline the essential background.
Materials and Methods
Include sufficient details for the work to be repeated. Where specific equipment and materials are named, the manufacturer’s details (name, city and country) should be given so that readers can trace specifications by contacting the manufacturer. Where commercially available software has been used, details of the supplier should be given in brackets or the reference given in full in the reference list. Do not describe or refer to usual statistical tests in this section but allude to them briefly in Results and Discussion section.
Results and Discussion
State the results and draw attention in the text to important details shown in tables and/or figures. This should point out the significance of the results in relation to the reasons for doing the work and place them in the context of other work.
Concluding remarks of the findings of the research and make inferences regarding.
We tend to follow APA 6th Edition style of citation and referencing.
In text citations should follow the author-date method whereby the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998). The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper. Please note that a DOI should be provided for all references where available.
Single Author: Gabriel (2000) and (Gabriel, 2000)
Two Authors: Mathes and Savera (2004) and (Mathes & Savera, 2004)
Three or more Authors: Smith et al. (1999) and (Smith et al., 1999)
Personal communication citations are not included in the reference list. Cite personal communications in text only. Give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator and provide as exact date as possible.
References should be cited as 'in press' only if the paper has been accepted for publication. Work
not yet submitted for publication or under review should be cited as 'unpublished data', with the author's initials and surname given; such work should not be included in the Reference section.
In Reference List:
· Journal article
Example of reference with 2 to 7 authors
Beers, S. R., & De Bellis, M. D. (2002). Neuropsychological function in children with maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 483–486. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.3.483
Ramus, F., Rosen, S., Dakin, S. C., Day, B. L., Castellote, J. M., White, S., & Frith, U. (2003). Theories of developmental dyslexia: Insights from a multiple case study of dyslexic adults. Brain, 126(4), 841–865. doi: 10.1093/brain/awg076
Example of reference with more than 7 authors
Rutter, M., Caspi, A., Fergusson, D., Horwood, L. J., Goodman, R., Maughan, B., … Carroll, J. (2004). Sex differences in developmental reading disability: New findings from 4 epidemiological studies. Journal of the American Medical Association, 291(16), 2007–2012. doi: 10.1001/jama.291.16.2007
· Book edition
Bradley-Johnson, S. (1994). Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.
· Edited book
Hawkley, L. C., Preacher, K. J., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2007). Multilevel modeling of social interactions and mood in lonely and socially connected individuals: The MacArthur social neuroscience studies. In A. D. Ong & M. Van Dulmen (Eds.), Oxford handbook of methods in positive psychology (pp. 559–575). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
· Data sets
For any data with a unique identifier the format should be as follows:
Prugh, L. & Golden, C. (2013). Data from: Does moonlight increase predation risk? Meta-analysis reveals divergent responses of nocturnal mammals to lunar cycles. Dryad Digital Repository, http://dx.doi.org/105061/dryad.tm723.
Olden, J. (2015). Integrating landscape connectivity and invasion vulnerability to guide offensive and defensive invasive species management. figshare. https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1285847.v2
Citations from web pages:
Authors may sometimes wish to cite information available from the internet in similar ways to the citation of published literature. In using this option, authors are asked to ensure that:
· fully authenticated addresses are included in the reference list, along with titles, years and authors of the sources being cited, and the most recent date the site was accessed;
· the sites or information sources have sufficient longevity and ease of access for others to follow up the citation;
· the information is of a scientific quality at least equal to that of peer-reviewed information available in learned scientific journals;
· hard literature sources are used in preference where they are available.
It is likely that official web sites from organizations such as learned societies, government bodies or reputable NGOs will most often satisfy quality criteria.
General style of manuscript preparation
Give Latin names in full at first mention in the main text. Subsequently, the genus name may be abbreviated, except at the beginning of a sentence. If there are many species, cite a Flora or check-list which may be consulted for authorities instead of listing them in the text. Latin names following common names should not be separated by a comma or brackets.
Authors should use the International System of Units. If the paper contains many symbols, they should be defined as early in the text as possible, or within the Materials and Methods section. Journal style for time units are: s, min, h, days, weeks, months, years. Use 'L' for litre not 'l' to avoid confusion with 'one'. Use the negative index for units, e.g. number of insects g-1dry wt (also note there is no period for wt). Probability values should be denoted as P.
Mathematical expressions should be carefully represented. Wherever possible, mathematical equations and symbols should be typed in-line by keyboard entry (using Symbol font for Greek characters, and superscript options where applicable). Make sure that there is no confusion between similar characters like l ('ell') and 1 ('one'). Ensure that expressions are spaced as they should appear. If there are several equations they should be identified by an equation number (i.e. 'eqn 1' after the equation and cited in the text as 'equation 1').
Numbers from one to nine should be spelled out except when used with units, e.g. two eyes but 10 stomata; 5 °C, 3 years and 5 kg. Do not use excessive numbers of digits when writing a decimal number to represent the mean of a set of measurements. The level of significance implied by numbers based on experimental measurements should reflect, and not exceed, their precision; only rarely can more than 3 figures be justified.
The manuscript must be submitted online to email@example.com
During submission, the authors must confirm that:
· The work as submitted has not been published or accepted for publication, nor is being considered for publication elsewhere.
· All authors and relevant institutions have read the submitted version of the manuscript and approve its submission.
· All persons entitled to authorship have been so included.
· The work is original and all necessary acknowledgements have been made.
The journal operates a single-blind confidential peer-review process. Author names are not concealed. Editors and reviewers are expected to handle the manuscripts confidentially and must not disclose any details to anyone outside of the review process. Reviewers also have the right to confidentiality and their names are not revealed to authors unless they choose to sign their review. Peer review comments should remain confidential even after a manuscript receives a final decision. Manuscripts are normally reviewed by two independent experts in the relevant area. All correspondence between an author, editor, and peer reviewer should remain in confidence unless explicit consent has been given by all parties, including the journal, or unless there are exceptional ethical or legal circumstances that require identities or details of the correspondence to be revealed.
Types of Decision
Following peer review, the paper is judged not to be acceptable for publication in the journal and resubmission is not possible.
The paper requires changes before a final decision can be made. Authors are asked to modify their manuscript in light of comments received from reviewers and editors, and to submit a new version for consideration within 2 weeks. A point-by-point explanation of how comments have been addressed must be supplied with the revised version of the paper. A clean version of the revised manuscript should be uploaded as the Main Document and a version with tracked changes should also uploaded as a separate File for Editors to allow Editors to easily see the changes made. If the authors do not revise their papers to the satisfaction of the editors, the paper can still be declined from publication in the journal.
The paper is acceptable for publication, subject to conditions that need to be addressed in producing a final version of the manuscript. These may include sub-editing changes and minor amendment to ensure the paper fully matches our criteria. After final checking in the editorial office, acceptance is confirmed and the paper is forwarded to the publishers for publication.